AT least 35 people were killed and 44 others were trapped after a gas explosion at a coal mine in central China early today, the Government’s work safety watchdog announced.

Mining accidents kill and injure thousands every year in China.

Mining accidents kill and injure thousands every year in China.

A total of 93 people were working in the mine in Pingdingshan city in Henan province when the blast took place in the early hours, the State Administration of Work Safety announced on its website.

Fourteen were able to escape, it said.

A spokesman for the work safety watchdog surnamed Cao said rescue efforts were ongoing, adding that an agency official had been dispatched to the scene to oversee the operation.

The official Xinhua news agency, quoting a spokesman for the city’s Communist Party committee, said the Xinhua Number Four pit was undergoing renovations and had not yet been authorised by the city government to resume operations.

China has a dismal work safety record, with thousands of people dying every year in mines, factories and on construction sites.

The country’s coal mines are among the most dangerous in the world, with safety standards often ignored in the quest for profits and the drive to meet surging demand for coal – the source of about 70 per cent of China’s energy.

Official figures show that more than 3200 workers died in collieries last year, but independent labour groups say the actual figure could be much higher, as many accidents were covered up in order to avoid costly mine shutdowns.

Luo Lin, the chief of the State Administration of Work Safety, said officials would shut down about 1000 small coal mines this year, in an attempt to improve management and safety.

Mr Luo said seven major coal mine accidents in China in August all occurred at small facilities.

More than 12,000 small coal mines have been shut down nationwide since 2005, according to Xinhua.

China’s raw coal production rose 8.9 per cent year-on-year in the first seven months of 2009 to 1.61 billion tonnes, the agency reported.

Due to the country’s heavy use of coal to power its fast-paced economic growth, it has become one of the two biggest emitters of greenhouse gases alongside the United States. — Herald Sun