Chili is commonly propagated from the seeds, although it is equally easy to grow from cuttings.
Propagation by cuttings also allows for the rapid multiplication of a plant with desirable characteristics – often retaining much of the characteristics of the parent plant.
Here are simple steps to follow if you want to grow chili from it cutting.
- Select a healthy, disease-free parent plant – one that has no symptoms a nutrient deficiency, like leaves or stems with yellow or purplish discoloration or stunted or distorted growth.
- Get a container. I used recycled cooking oil bottle. Fill the container with 2 to 3 inches of a well-drained rooting medium with low fertility. A suitable rooting medium could contain half peat moss and half sand, perlite or vermiculite. The container must have adequate holes to ensure good drainage.
- Moisten the rooting medium slightly and poke well-spaced holes in the medium to accommodate the cuttings using a pencil or similar utensil.
- Cut a 2- to 4-inch section of a stem tip off of the parent pepper plant. Each cutting should contain at least two nodes — a small swelling on the stem where the leaves emerge. Make the cut just below a node. Disinfect the knife or other tool used to make the cuts between uses to prevent the spread of disease.
- Snip off the lowest pair of leaves on the cutting.
- Dip the bottom of the cutting in a rooting hormone, if desired, to encourage more uniform rooting.
- Insert the cutting into a prepared hole in the rooting medium so the lowest remaining leaves are just above the surface of the medium. Gently firm the medium around the cutting and mist it in thoroughly so the material settles around the cutting.
- Cover the container with a clear plastic or glass cover or enclose the container in a clear bag. This helps to maintain high relative humidity around the plants particularly in the early stages of it growth.
- Place the container in an area with bright, indirect sun lights.
- Mist the cuttings regularly so the medium is moist but not wet. Never allow the rooting medium to dry out completely or the cuttings to wilt.
- Transplant the pepper cuttings into larger containers with a well-drained, fertile potting soil once roots an inch long develop.
Suggested materials to use:
Recycle container – plastic bottles
Pencil or similar utensil
Clear plastic or glass cover or bag